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Little fungus supports the dream of poverty alleviation

——Wangqing County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province

Author: Zhao gallons Source: China Financial and Economic News Published: 2019-11-28

Around the beginning of winter, the climate in the Changbai Mountains was getting colder. Although the autumn harvest of field crops has ended, the villagers in Dabei Village, Wangqing County, Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin Province have not started the "Cat Winter" as before, but they are all busy.

Nie Shuhua, a poor household member of the Red Crested Agaric Professional Farm in Dabei Village, told reporters: "Like those of us who are older, there is nothing to do. Since the development of the black fungus industry in the village, we can I earn money by working at my doorstep. My income of more than 20,000 yuan makes my waistline hard. ”Nie Shuhua said that many people in this country ’s poverty alleviation pilot county, the national key poverty alleviation development work county, and Jilin Province ’s deeply impoverished counties. Aspirations.

Wang Qingren never thought that this small county, which had been labeled as "poverty" since 1992, started to get rid of poverty and become rich only because of a crop called "black peony" by the locals. "Fast track", the development of the black fungus industry has gradually made the people's well-off dreams come true.

When the land could not bear the weight of life, Wang Qing people saw the alternative value of land

Land is a "lifeblood" for farmers. Protecting and making good use of land to make it endless and multiply will not only bring wealth to farmers, but also fulfill the dreams of generations. However, in the Changbai Mountain forest area, the actual situation of "old, young, but poor," and "eight mountains, one water, half grass, and half a field" has caused the agricultural development of Wangqing County to be greatly restricted.

"The village has relatively little land. On average, there are only two or three acres in the family. Before, they used to grow soybeans and corn for their livelihoods, planed out seeds, irrigated, and fertilized the cost, basically leaving little money." At that time, Zhang Shouli, a villager in Tianlingqiao Village, Tianlingqiao Town, Wangqing County stopped talking and did not want to mention more.

Poor thinking changes. Wang Qingren gradually wanted to understand that farmers must be rich and their lives must be changed. The way out is to adapt to local conditions, inherit historical traditions, and vigorously develop the black fungus industry.

Speaking of black fungus, Wang Qing has a unique geographical advantage-it is located in the hinterland of Changbai Mountain, the forest coverage rate is as high as 89.3%, and abundant hard wood resources such as lime trees provide raw material guarantee for high-quality black fungus cultivation. At the same time, the climatic conditions of large temperature difference between day and night, short frost-free period, and low accumulated temperature have created Wang Qing's unique black fungus quality.

As a result, it has experienced the "relying on natural ears" from the middle of the 19th century to the "artificial cultivation" in the 1970s. From alder cultivation, bag cultivation, and single-piece black fungus production to today's "small hole ears + sheds" "Frame drying" production technology, Wang Qing black fungus industry has continued to grow.

Today, when approaching the villages around Wangqing County, you can almost see the continuous green cypress trees along the roadside. The blossoming "black peony" is bathed in the sun and glows with vitality.

The production of black fungus is getting higher and higher, and people's money bags are getting more and more popular. Relying on the black fungus industry, Wang Qing people are constantly accelerating on the road to getting rid of poverty.

When the concept of fungus is capital, the operation of Wang Qingren was wonderful

However, the development of black fungus industry in Wangqing County is not smooth.

"In the past few years, the fungus species were heterogeneous, the quality was uneven, the method of soil-based bacteriostasis not only had a low survival rate, but also had heavy environmental pollution and a high risk of fire." Benefiting, the county government focused on the construction of a standardized system.

"In the past, fungal farmers implemented a small workshop production mode, and the volume and quality were far from market demand. Therefore, we changed the previous fungal farmers' small workshop production mode, built a standardized bacteria bag factory, standardized custom workshops, and implemented bag-making. One-stop production, cultivation, sterilization, inoculation, and culture of bacteria, with the intensive and standardized production, to shape the quality advantage of Wangqing black fungus. "

The Red Cockscomb Fungus Farm in Dabei Village, Jiguan Township is a modern mushroom pack base. Nie Shuhua, who works on the farm, told reporters cheerfully: "In the past, there were two fears in planting fungus: one was the failure to cultivate bacteria and the other was the price fluctuation. Now everyone is working on the farm, and there is a one-stop production and sales service. , The monthly income is also very stable, there is no risk and pressure. "There are still many people like her on the farm, and they have become agricultural" vegetarians "with fungus.

Why do "veterans" give up their own fungus production and willingly come to the farm to "work"? The head of the farm, Lin Yan, gave the answer: "Our farm is based on a farmer's fungus cooperative and covers an area of about 14 hectares. It has 1.5 million bags of black fungus fungus and 30,000 bags of fungus per day. Production line. More importantly, due to the improvement of the inoculation technology, the germ production rate has increased from 70% to more than 99%. "

"In addition, the farm can not only provide villagers with processing services, but also provide villagers with free germ packs, which can be bought after they are grown up. That is to say, the villagers work on the farm while their own germ packs They also grow in the field and can make two copies of money at the same time. Who wouldn't want to come? "Lin Yan said.

It is understood that the farm also has a 5,000-square-meter value-added workshop and a million-bag-scale black fungus swing planting base. Here, farmers have really seen an increase in earnings. "In the past, people fought each other, with high costs, high risks, and low prices. Now, after rapid and healthy development, we have gradually formed an industrial competition that integrates bacteria research, bacterial package processing, bacterial culture, swing cultivation, and packaging and sales. Advantages. "Lin Yan said," Now the farm's annual output value can reach more than 7 million yuan, driving the establishment of 19 poor households and nearly 40 ordinary people. "

Standardized farms like this are everywhere in Wangqing County. It is understood that, in order to consolidate the construction of the black fungus industry standardization system, Wang Qing accumulated and integrated the use of various financial-related agricultural funds of 253 million yuan, leveraged 1.6 billion yuan of social capital, and built 54 standardized bacteria pack factories and 6 fixed-value workshops. A one-stop culture mode for bag production, sterilization, inoculation, and bacteria cultivation was introduced. At the same time, the county has issued the "Administrative Measures on the Distribution and Use of Proceeds from the Industrial Poverty Alleviation Project in Wangqing County (Trial)", which has invested all kinds of special funds for poverty alleviation income into the black fungus industry and invested in projects that increase the village collective economic income It has formed a virtuous circle of "poverty alleviation, industry promotion, and industry belt poverty alleviation".

Nostalgia for "roots", letting Wang Qing's land fly "new dream"

With the growth of the black fungus industry in Wangqing County, more and more entrepreneurs have come to this lively hot land. Their appearance has accelerated the pace of industrialization of Wang Qing's fungus, and Sun Yongfang, the person in charge of Taoyuan Small Fungus Industrial Park in Tianqiaoling Town, is one of them.

Before returning to Wang Qing, she had been in the soft clothing business for over 20 years in Qingdao, Shandong. Out of nostalgia for her hometown, in 2016, she returned to Wang Qing. "The biggest wish after coming back is to make the black fungus in my hometown better." Sun Yongfang said affectionately.

Automatic loading and unloading machines, unmanned AJA forklifts ... everything is in order in Sun Yongfang's fungus industry park. With a set of mechanized equipment, rows of modern fungus rooms, and a standardized workshop, it is hard to imagine that this is in a poor village.

Sun Yongfang said frankly: "Since I decided to come back and do it, I want to do something about it. We hope to drive the standardization of the industry through dataization and scientific management."

At the same time, the industrial park also provides a lot of local employment. "On the one hand, we have set up poverty alleviation workshops, which are mainly targeted at the poor households who set up a file and let them go directly to our company to work or do some picking work. On the other hand, we adopt a preferential policy for bacteria packs. There are difficulties in sales, and the subsidy guarantee of our factory can directly correspond to poor fungal farmers. "Sun Yongfang said.

Speaking of the support of the local government, she is grateful: "In early 2019, the company successively received Wangqing County poverty alleviation and integration funds and Ningbo aid construction funds totaling 40.243 million yuan. This year we will increase the income of 1077 poor families in Tianqiaoling Town to 1,751 people. Per capita income increased by 685.32 yuan. "

Like Sun Yongfang, more and more "capable people" have returned to their hometowns to start businesses, effectively driving Wangqing County to fight poverty.

Green water and green mountains are Jinshan and Yinshan. Wang Qing people know this truth the most.

Pieces of black fungus are sold all over the country, so where did the fungus producing fungus packets go? Wang Qingren, who "backs up and eats mountains," knows the truth that "green mountains and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains." In order to prevent the miscellaneous bacteria in the abandoned fungus bag from affecting the surrounding ecology, the recovery of the fungus bag is a major issue in Wangqing County.

In 2016, Wangqing County and Shanghai Huanqin Ecological Technology Co., Ltd. signed a project with a total investment of 150 million yuan for the Wangqing agaric fungus residue regeneration resource project. The project uses biodegradation technology to kill harmful bacteria in the fungus residue, and finally decomposes it into organic fertilizers that can be used for agricultural activities, and completely turns waste bacteria bags into waste.

In the workshop of Wang Qinghuan Eco-Technology Co., Ltd., the reporter saw that the discarded germ bags had entered the fertilizer tank after treatment. "The annual processing capacity is 200,000 tons. Fertilizers made of flowers and ginseng are sold everywhere, which is very tight," said Hu Bingang, general manager of Huanchen Ecological Technology Co., Ltd.

With the implementation of a number of ecological and environmental protection projects, the "Muer County" under the Changbai Mountain has formed an ecological cycle industrial chain integrating R & D, production, sales, processing, and waste treatment. Planting, fungus bag recycling ... The complete fungus industry chain is constantly maturing.

Both Jinshan Yinshan and Green Water Qingshan are required. No one on this road to sustainable development is better off than Wang Qing.

Get rich hope, fungus to lead. In Wang Qing, small fungus-driven big industries are no longer empty talk. Driven by the black fungus industry, Wang Qing has withdrawn from 42 poverty-stricken villages and 8,146 households with 13,840 persons. The incidence of poverty has dropped from 23.2% at the end of 2015 to 3.14% today. Wang Qing expects to lift poverty this year, and consolidate and improve poverty alleviation by 2020.

The sky is bluer, the water is clearer, and the fungus industry is more vigorous. Walking on the ground of Wang Qing, the former backcountry shows its new look, and the beautiful blueprint of rich people and strong county is being realized ...

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