Tax Revenue of National Tax Authorities in 2017
Source: State Administration of Taxation Website release time: 2018-05-28
On the morning of February 1st, the State Administration of Taxation held a press conference to introduce the taxation organization's tax revenue in 2017, implement tax reduction policies, promote the construction of a green tax system, and optimize the tax business environment. In 2017, the national tax system thoroughly studied and implemented Xi Jinping's new era of socialist ideas with Chinese characteristics and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, seriously implemented the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and organized annual tax revenue (after deducting export rebates) of 12.6 trillion yuan , A year-on-year increase of 8.7%, reversing the situation of continued slowdown in tax growth in recent years, and the coordination between taxation and economic growth has increased significantly.
Brilliant bill tax revenue and economic growth in harmony
According to Zheng Xiaoying, deputy director of the Revenue Planning and Accounting Department of the State Administration of Taxation, in 2017, the tax department adhered to the general keynote of steady progress and strived to achieve a steady collection of taxes in accordance with the law in the organization of income work. Tax reductions and exemptions, resolute crackdown on tax fraud, and steady and rapid growth in tax revenue.
Tax revenue grows in harmony with the economy. In 2017, the tax revenue of the tax department increased by 8.7%, an increase of 3.9 percentage points from 2016. The tax elasticity coefficient, that is, the ratio of the increase in tax revenue to the current GDP price growth rate was close to 0.8, which was in a reasonable range.
The proportion of tax revenue in the tertiary industry kept ahead. In 2017, the tax revenue of the tertiary industry increased by 9.9%, accounting for 56.1% of the tax revenue, which was 12.3 percentage points higher than that of the secondary industry. The tax revenue of the modern service industry has maintained rapid growth. The tax revenue of the Internet and related services, software and information technology service industries has increased by 55.1% and 36%, respectively.
Taxation of high-end manufacturing industry is strong. In 2017, taxes for high-end manufacturing industries such as general equipment, communication equipment, and special equipment increased by 23.5%, 21.6%, and 20.9%, respectively.
Multiple tax cuts help the real economy "go light"
To promote the high-quality development of China's economy, the precise implementation of tax reduction policies is critical. How effective has the tax department been in implementing tax reduction policies in the past year? "In 2017, the tax authorities seriously implemented the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on tax reduction and burden reduction, which strongly promoted the supply-side structural reform and promoted high-quality economic development." Wang Shiyu, deputy director of the Policy and Regulation Department of the State Administration of Taxation, introduced.
In terms of business reform and increase, the taxation department focuses on implementing and improving the comprehensive implementation of the business reform and increase policy. In 2017, taxes were reduced by 918.6 billion yuan, an increase of 345 billion yuan over 2016. "The more new tax reductions are mainly due to the following factors: The comprehensive implementation of the pilot reform of business reforms was implemented from May 1, 2016, and there were four months of tax reductions in 2017; the input tax on real estate purchases in 2016 The 60% deduction in that year, and the other 40% carried forward to the 2017 deduction; the policy of changing the value-added tax rate from four to three was implemented from July 1, 2017, with a tax reduction of 14.7 billion yuan from July to December; along with the training efforts The increase in taxpayers and the familiarity of taxpayers with policies have further increased the deduction. "Wang Shiyu said.
At the same time, the implementation of various preferential tax policies introduced in 2017 has also achieved significant results. According to Wang Shiyu, in 2017, the tax department implemented a small and small profit corporate income tax halving policy of a total tax reduction of 45.4 billion yuan, of which the small and small profit corporate income tax halving levy range expanded from 300,000 yuan of annual taxable income to 500,000 yuan of tax reduction 128 100 million yuan. Increase the pre-tax deduction ratio for R & D expenses of technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises, carry out pilot tax policies related to venture capital enterprises and angel investment individuals, pilot pre-tax deduction policies for business health insurance, and some of the tax concessions that have been implemented in total. .
According to Shi Jian, a researcher at the Institute of Taxation Sciences, the growth rate of tax revenue is calculated at current prices. According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, the increase in tax revenue of China's tax authorities in 2017 was 3.5 percentage points lower than the current rate of GDP growth, which precisely reflects the greater tax reduction in 2017. As the customs tax increased by 23.3% in 2017, the overall tax revenue growth was 10.7%, which was 0.5 percentage point lower than the current GDP price increase. Correspondingly, the macro tax burden in 2017, that is, the proportion of tax revenue to GDP decreased by 0.07 percentage point from the previous year.
Green taxation promotes "beautiful China"
Taxation plays a fundamental, pillar, and supportive role in national governance. As China's economy moves towards a high-quality development stage, tax authorities take the initiative to actively plan and serve the country's major development strategies.
Actively promoting the construction of a green tax system is an important measure for tax authorities to help high-quality economic development. The implementation of the new green tax policy, such as the formal introduction of environmental protection taxes and the comprehensive ad valorem reform of resource taxes, can be described as timely.
Cai Zili, Director of the Department of Property and Behavior Tax of the State Administration of Taxation, introduced that in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the first tax collection period for environmental protection tax, the State Administration of Taxation has actively established an organizational guarantee system with relevant departments, and signed a Memorandum of Cooperation on Environmental Protection Tax Collection and Management with Ministry of Environmental Protection , Clarified the tasks of the seven major types of cooperative work; grasped the basic work of collection and management, and designed the "1 main (declaration main form) 4 auxiliary (water, gas, sound, slag schedule) 1 reduction and exemption" report, supplemented by one The basic information collection form filled out by the group at one time has effectively reduced the taxpayer's declaration burden.
"Next, the tax department will focus on promoting the construction of a tax-related information sharing platform to achieve the connection between the provincial tax side and the environmental protection side system; comprehensively conduct classified counseling in conjunction with the" convenience of the private tax spring action "to ensure that taxpayers will calculate and declare; Online and offline taxation services, information comparison, analysis of policy effects, etc., to further implement the preparation of fine environmental tax collection and management. "Cai Zili said.
On July 1, 2016, China implemented a comprehensive ad valorem reform of resource tax. How effective has the reform been for more than a year? In this regard, Cai Zili introduced that the comprehensive implementation of the resource tax ad valorem reform has been effective for more than a year, effectively enhanced the resource tax adjustment function, promoted resource conservation and efficient use, optimized the development environment for the resource industry, and distributed income after the reform. Further tilting towards the locality will help speed up the establishment and improvement of the compensation mechanism for ecological and environmental damage in resource development. As of December 2017, resource tax revenues in 28 provinces have increased, of which resource tax revenues in major coal producing areas such as Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, and Shaanxi have increased by 94%, 73%, and 75%, respectively. In 2017, coal prices rose sharply year-on-year. Under the ad valorem mechanism, coal resource tax revenue was 66.755 billion yuan, an increase of 84.33% year-on-year.
Integrated innovation enhances the “gold content” of the business environment
Reforming and innovating institutional mechanisms and further optimizing the business environment is an important foundation for building a modern economic system and promoting high-quality development, and it is also an important part of government departments to provide public services. In 2017, the national tax system conducted a three-month tax survey and experiential survey to focus on finding and solving a number of pain points, blocking points, and difficult issues affecting the reform of the tax system's “decentralization and administration services”.
"Based on the research, we formulated and issued" Several Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Tax Administration System and Optimizing the Tax Environment ", and proposed 30 measures to co-ordinate the reform of the tax administration system." Fu Shulin, Deputy Director of the General Office of the State Administration of Taxation According to the introduction, the tax department launched a series of practical tricks such as canceling the invoice invoicing materials and implementing real-name tax processing, which greatly reduced the tax processing time.
It is reported that the World Bank's Doing Business Report 2018 shows that China's taxation time has been shortened by 52 hours compared with the previous year, and its ranking has increased by 32 places. The special survey results of taxpayer satisfaction organized by third parties in 2017 also showed that the national tax and local tax scores increased by 5.49 points and 2.04 points respectively from the same caliber of the previous year, indicating that taxpayer satisfaction and sense of gain have been further enhanced.
The implementation of a "blacklist" of tax violations and a joint disciplinary system to regulate the behavior of taxpayers and maintain a fair market order is also a major measure adopted by tax authorities to optimize the business environment. According to Fu Shulin, "In 2017, tax authorities at all levels across the country announced a total of 4,228 tax violation" blacklists ", a nearly doubled year-on-year increase; and the promotion of multi-departmental joint punishment of 64,200 households, a year-on-year increase of 153%."
In 2018, the national tax system will be guided by Xi Jinping's thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. It will thoroughly implement the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, continue to improve the efficiency of tax management and services, deepen the reform of the "decentralization of services" of the tax system, and strive to optimize taxation. The business environment and precise measures help high-quality economic development. February 01, 2018