Catering garbage builds "Ningbo model" with PPP
——Records of the World Bank Loan Ningbo Kitchen Waste Treatment Plant Project
Author: Zhang Yuxin Source: China Financial and Economic News Published: 2019-10-24
Due to food culture and dining habits, the total amount of food waste in China is relatively large. Statistics from the Institute of Solid Waste Pollution Control and Resource Reuse of the Department of Environment of Tsinghua University show that Chinese cities produce no less than 60 million tons of kitchen waste every year.
However, in contrast to the urgent treatment of urban kitchen waste, it is people's "smell change" in waste treatment plants. In people's impression, traditional waste disposal related facilities such as garbage rooms and garbage transfer stations are projects that have a relatively large impact on the surrounding residents' environment. Recently, when the reporter interviewed the PPP project of the Ningbo World Bank-financed waste kitchen waste treatment plant in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, he felt a completely different change in the new waste treatment plant.
From "neighbor" to "neighborhood"
"Avoidance effect" was originally a strange word, which meant that residents or local units were worried about construction projects, such as garbage dumps, nuclear power plants, funeral homes and other facilities, which would bring many negative effects on physical health, environmental quality, and asset value. Stimulating people's disgust, but at the Ningbo Kitchen Waste Disposal Plant in Xuanpei Village, Dongqiao Town, Haishu District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, the reporter felt the transformation from "neighborhood" to "neighborhood".
"When the kitchen waste treatment plant was first put into operation, we still had doubts and feared that it would have an impact on our lives. Now that the treatment plant has been completed, it has brought us so much convenience. Our family brought it after dinner every day. He was walking around the factory with his child, "said Liu Yuan, a villager from Xuanpei Village, who lived nearby.
Any Ximing, deputy head of the Ningbo Municipal Administration Bureau's domestic waste classification management center, told reporters that the Ningbo kitchen waste treatment plant is a necessary treatment facility to solve the city's end of kitchen waste disposal problems. The key to the successful implementation of the "end classification treatment" framework.
It is understood that, in addition to advanced technological processes, the plant building of the Ningbo Kitchen Waste Treatment Plant PPP project financed by the World Bank has also reached the green Samsung industrial building standard, and has received a grant of US $ 700,000 from the Global Environment Facility. Environmental protection theme park and mission base. "The waste separation project co-operated by the World Bank and Ningbo has not only received funding and technical support from the World Bank, but has also transformed our philosophy." He Ximing said, "In the past, our infrastructure was mainly functional, and the World Bank passed us on. The brand-new concept, the construction of the project can basically implement the concept of "neighborhood", and under the premise of advanced technology, let the surrounding residents enjoy more benefits. "
"World Bank Loan" + "PPP Model"
As the first domestic end-of-life treatment plant supporting waste classification, the Ningbo Kitchen Waste Treatment Plant PPP project is more than simple and beautiful.
Hu Zaichun, Vice President of Beijing Capital Environment Holdings Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as "China Capital Environment") introduced that in 2016, Beijing Capital Environment won the PPP project for Ningbo kitchen waste treatment. As the social capital of this project, Beijing Capital Environment and the government-funded Ningbo Municipal Public Utility Investment Co., Ltd. jointly invested in the construction of the project.
According to reports, this project is a sub-project of the "World Bank-financed Ningbo Municipal Solid Waste Collection and Recycling Demonstration Project" implemented by Ningbo and the World Bank, and is also listed as a PPP demonstration project by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance.
In July 2015, the construction of Ningbo's kitchen waste treatment plant was officially implemented using the PPP model. The total investment of the project is 306.6 million yuan, of which the World Bank loan is USD 23.2 million. In September 2018, the green design of the project passed the review by the experts of the Ministry of Housing and Construction to obtain the industry's first three-star green building design logo in the industry. In November 2018, The Ningbo Solid Waste Disposal Center, consisting of incineration, food waste, and kitchens, was listed as a resource recycling base by the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development; in November 2018, it was identified as a high-tech investment project by the Science and Technology Department of Zhejiang Province.
Looking back on the process of designing, constructing, investing, and operating the PPP project for Ningbo kitchen and kitchen waste, Hu Zaichun admitted to the reporter that in the early years, the first environment introduced the technology of kitchen waste treatment from Europe first, and made local improvements based on this. . In terms of agitation of anaerobic system, treatment of biogas residue after pretreatment, and connection of the system, the first environment has done a lot of work. It is by virtue of these technical accumulations that the first environment has the opportunity to win this project.
Li Dejian, the person in charge of the Ningbo kitchen and kitchen waste PPP project recalled, "Two tenders and two environmental assessments, although the process was tortuous, but there was sufficient competition. At that time, 17 companies applied for the first environmental, CECEP, Sander, Han blue and other 11 A number of well-known companies participated in the technical bidding, and finally 8 companies entered the second stage of the commercial bidding. "
Li Dejian believes that the reason why the Ningbo catering and kitchen waste PPP project can become a demonstration project also benefits from the change in the concept of the Ningbo Municipal Government. As far as the treatment process is concerned, domestic kitchen waste treatment is not as mature as a waste incineration plant, and the technical routes are various, including dry, wet, high temperature, medium temperature, low temperature and so on. If we "determined" the technological path, the social capital side will not be able to give play to its own advantages, so two-stage bidding will be implemented.
In the second stage, the technical schemes of 8 shortlisted units were optimized through integration, and the boundary conditions such as project construction content, environmental protection emission indicators, and product resource utilization were determined as bidding requirements. Four social capitals participated in the bidding. Finally, the environment was created through its own technological advantages. The total investment of the project is 30.66 million yuan, and the unit price of 198 yuan per ton of kitchen waste won the bid.
The change of government concept is not only reflected in the project bidding, but also in the active promotion and application of the PPP model. As the implementation agency of the Ningbo Food Waste PPP project, the person in charge of Ningbo Urban Management Bureau told reporters that objectively speaking, Ningbo Solid Waste Disposal Center is very suitable for the PPP model. We are actively responding to the call of relevant national departments and fully implementing the waste treatment field. PPP mode. "Through the PPP model, the government will let certain specialized areas of affairs go to the companies that are good at it, get rid of the previous big deal, and pay more attention to the formulation and supervision of rules."
Significance of Ningbo Kitchen Waste PPP Project
Relevant experts said that the domestic food waste PPP project has little experience to copy. The first environment can play its own characteristics in the Ningbo project, stably meet the standards, and the purification of the back-end biogas into the natural gas pipeline network system is not easy. PPP projects have a strong reference significance.
Through the cooperation of PPP projects, Ningbo has comprehensively accelerated the construction of waste treatment facilities. The municipal solid waste incineration plant and kitchen waste treatment plant have been rated as the second batch of PPP demonstration projects by the Ministry of Finance, taking the lead in becoming a city with complete classification facilities in China. . The Ningbo Kitchen Waste Treatment Plant is the first PPP project in the country to use World Bank loan funds.
Having experienced the bonus of the PPP model, Ningbo has begun to explore the possibility of applying PPP projects in more areas. Data show that up to now, 42 of the 46 PPP projects in Ningbo's project management database have completed social capital purchases, with a landing rate of 91.3%, which is 28.1 percentage points higher than the national total, and successfully introduced 80.13 billion yuan in social capital investment.
At the 3rd Asia-Pacific PPP Network Conference held this year, the Ningbo Municipal Government and representatives of Chinese enterprises shared China's practice of implementing the concept of sustainable development from the government to the enterprise, especially the typical cases combining waste separation collection, transfer and disposal. Introduced the innovative practice of sustainable urban development with the participation of government, enterprises and residents, the application and effect of the PPP model in this process, demonstrated the professional level and strength of Chinese enterprises in participating in public service and infrastructure projects, and local The effect of the government's implementation of green development and smart city construction.
Jiao Xiaoping, director of the PPP Center of the Ministry of Finance, said that choosing Ningbo as the third venue for this conference also hopes to use the experience of Ningbo to demonstrate that through mechanism innovation, technological innovation and management innovation, it is possible to bring green development and the well-being of local people. The full integration also tells the international community that China is on the path to green development.